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Home / List of All Prime Ministers of India (1947-2024) with Name & Photos

List of All Prime Ministers of India (1947-2024) with Name & Photos

prime minister of india list

Posted By: Gungun

Last Update : Jun 11, 2024

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India is a wealthy nation with many different customs, religions, and cultures. Every individual of every religion lives unitedly in India, celebrating festivals and customs altogether. Apart from the rich culture and customers, India has a long history of inspirational leaders and prime ministers who formed the nation's course. India's leaders since its independence in 1947 have been of the highest level, guiding the nation through many hardships and victories. In India, the Prime Minister plays a crucial role as the spokesperson for the goals and hopes of a billion people. Whether it's the ruling of the great Jawahar Lal Nehru, the Iron Lady of the country, Indira Gandhi, or the current and leading Prime Minister Narendra Modi, every personality did great in their lives and boosted the country's economy and success.

This blog attempts to explore the lives and legacies of all Indian prime ministers, documenting their roles in the country's progress and advancement. As we explore the lives of these notable figures and their lasting influence on the country, come along on this fascinating tour through India's political past.

Prime Minister of India List (1947-2024)

Are you also interested in politics and searching for all the prime ministers of India? If yes, we've got you covered. In this blog, we'll discuss the Prime Ministers of India, their achievements and their work. The Prime Ministers of India from 1947 to 2024 are a testament to the nation’s vibrant democratic fabric and evolving political narrative. Here's is the list of all the prime ministers of India, their parties and their term of office:

S.No Names Birth & Death Party Tenure
1 Jawahar Lal Nehru (1889–1964) Indian National Congress 1947 – 1964
2 Gulzarilal Nanda (1898–1998) Indian National Congress 1964, 1966
3 Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966) Indian National Congress 1964 – 1966
4 Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) Indian National Congress 1966 – 1977, 1980 – 1984
5 Morarji Desai (1896–1995) Janata Party 1977 – 1979
6 Charan Singh (1902–1987) Janata Party (Secular) 1979
7 Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991) Indian National Congress 1984 – 1989
8 V.P Singh (1931–2008) Janata Dal 1989 – 1990
9 Chandra Shekhar (1927–2007) Samajwadi Janata Party 1990 – 1991
10 P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921–2004) Indian National Congress 1991 – 1996
11 Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924–2018) Bharatiya Janata Party 1996, 1998 – 2004
12 H. D. Deve Gowda Born 1933 Janata Dal 1996 - 1997
13 Inder Kumar Gujral (1919–2012) Janata Dal 1997 – 1998
14 Manmohan Singh Born 1932 Indian National Congress 2004 – 2014
15 Narendra Modi Born 1950 Bharatiya Janata Party 2014 – Present

Let's embark on the journey to explore these renowned personalities who have steered India towards becoming a prominent global player. This blog is a tribute to the enduring legacy of India’s prime ministers and their indelible impact on the country’s past, present, and future.

1. Jawahar Lal Nehru

Jawahar Lal Nehru

Jawahar Lal Nehru, also known as Chacha Nehru, is the first Prime Minister of independent India. This man has raised a bar by setting standards of one of the longest-ruling Prime Minister of the country, having powers in hand for almost 16 years and 286 days. Within this time span, Nehru gained immense recognition because of his aim to make India modern, secular, and developed in the science, technology, and education sectors. Apart from the rigorous and demanding situations like the partition of India and other economic challenges, Nehru's charisma and dedication guided the nation. His legacy as a champion of democracy and secularism endures, making him one of India's most revered leaders.

Born: 14 November 1889, Prayagraj

Died: 27 May 1964, New Delhi

Years of Tenure: 15 August 1947 to 27 May 1964 for 16 years, 286 days

Achievements: Developed the ground for India's democracy, promoting secularism, and prioritizing education, science, and technology.

2. Gulzarilal Nanda

Gulzarilal Nanda

Gulzarilal Nanda is one of the best Acting Prime Ministers of India and the powerhouse of the Indian government. Nanda did not serve the nation for a long time, but his contributions to the country's government are appreciated till now. First, he took on the role of Acting Prime Minister following the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, and again in 1966, with the passing of Lal Bahadur Shastri. During his time in office, he made several changes and modifications in the management for the sake of common people, labourers, farmers, and industrialists. His dedication to work, aptitude for handling circumstances, and loyalty make him the best acting prime minister of the nation till now.

Born: 4 July 1898, Sialkot, Pakistan

Died: 15 January 1998, Ahmedabad

Party: Indian National Congress

Years of Tenure: 27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964 for 13 days and 11 January 1966, 24 January 1966 for 13 days

Achievements: Contributed to agriculture, industry, and public sector enterprises during his tenure. His integrity, dedication, and leadership have left a lasting impact on Indian politics.

3. Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri, India's second Prime Minister and the Messiah of Farmers in the Indo-Pakistani War, is renowned for his integrity, dedication, and honesty towards civilians. He ruled over the nation from 1964 until his tragic death in 1966, capping a year marked by significant social and economic transformation. Leadership in the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War and his catchphrase "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" (Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer) summed up his dedication to both national defence and self-sufficiency in agriculture. Lal Bahadur Shastri's programs and ideals inspired generations of Indians and had a lasting influence on the country's growth despite his brief term.

Born: 2 October 1904, Mughalsarai

Died: 11 January 1966, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Party: Indian National Congress

Years of Tenure: 9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966 for 1 year, 216 days

Achievements: Leading India during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, advocating for agricultural self-sufficiency with his slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan," and promoting social and economic reforms.

4. Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi

India's first female prime minister to date, Indira Gandhi, is one of the most liked prime ministers by the public in India. She ruled the nation two times, from 1980 to 1984 and 1966 to 1977, and stood out by both notable achievements and controversial decisions. Gandhi oversaw the victory in the Bangladesh Liberation War, the nationalization of banks, and the Green Revolution in agriculture. However, there is still much disagreement over her declaration of the Emergency in 1975, which lasted for 21 months, and her Operation Blue Star in 1984, which drove terrorists out of Amritsar's Golden Temple. The nation was in trauma after the unpredicted and sudden assassination of the Iron Lady of India. After that date and till today, no one can match her deeds and dedication to making India a successful country.

Born: 19 November 1917, Prayagraj

Died: 31 October 1984, New Delhi

Party: Indian National Congress

Years of Tenure: 24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977 for 11 years, 59 days and 14 January 1980 to 31 October 1984 for 4 years, 291 days

Achievements: Victory in the Bangladesh Liberation War, Green Revolution in agriculture, and Nationalisation of Banks.

5. Morarji Desai

Morarji Desai

After the long rule of the Indian National Congress, India received its first ruler, who was well-known for his strict lifestyle and strong morals, Morarji Desai. India's fourth prime minister, Morarji Desai, led the nation through a pivotal period in its political history from 1977 to 1979. During his administration, the government prioritized small-scale industry growth, decentralization, and rural development. Desai's leadership was different from others because of his honesty, sincerity, and dedication to democratic principles while encountering obstacles, including internal conflict and economic instability.

Born: 9 February 1896, Valsad

Died: 10 April 1995, Mumbai

Party: Janata Party

Years of Tenure: 24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979 for 2 years, 126 days

Achievements: Redeveloping China-India relations, Implementing Gandhian economic policies, promoting rural development, decentralization, and small-scale industries, and leading India's first non-Congress government.

6. Charan Singh

Charan Singh

From 1979 until 1980, Charan Singh, India's fifth and 3rd deputy prime minister, supported farmers and rural populations. Referred to as the 'Champion of India's Peasants,' Singh emphasized measures that enhanced farmer welfare, promoted agrarian reform, and increased agricultural output. However, his rule was short-lived, but his time in office stood out by initiatives addressing rural poverty and land transfer. He was the only Prime Minister who never went to the Parliament and resigned after 23 days in office due to Indira Gandhi's Congress Party withdrawing support for his government. Despite several challenges, Charan Singh's influence as a supporter of rural India endures in the political chronicles of the country.

Born: 23 December 1902, Hapur

Died: 29 May 1987, New Delhi

Party: Janata Party

Years of Tenure: 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980 for 170 days

Achievements: Championing agrarian reform, improving the welfare of farmers, increasing agricultural productivity, and addressing rural poverty and land redistribution

7. Rajiv Gandhi

Rajiv Gandhi

India's youngest prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi, served from 1984 to 1989 and introduced a modern perspective to Indian politics. After the assassination of his mother, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi took over and set out to make India a liberal economy with advanced technology. During his time in office, India saw massive advancements in technology and communications, leading to the beginning of the computer revolution in India. Not only this, but Rajiv Gandhi lessened the government restrictions by implementing several policies. Despite all of this, his government faced criticism for allegedly managing ethnic tensions—particularly in Punjab and Sri Lanka—and for supposed corruption scandals. With a vision for the future and a dedication to modernity, Rajiv Gandhi's presidency stood out by multiple but significant impacts on India's progress.

Born: 20 August 1944, Mumbai

Died: 21 May 1991, Sriperumbudur

Party:Indian National Congress

Years of Tenure: 31 October 1984 to 2 December 1989 for 5 years, 32 days

Achievements: Spearheading the computer and telecommunications revolution in India, Promoting economic liberalization and reducing government regulation, and modernizing the education system.

8. V. P. Singh

V. P. Singh

The two things that made V. P. Singh, also known as Vishwanath Pratap Singh, the prime minister of India from 1989 to 1990, most famous were his attempts to combat corruption and his dedication to social justice. During his term, which began with the execution of the Mandal Commission report, which aimed to raise reservations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in government positions and educational institutions, Singh rose to prominence on an anti-corruption platform. Singh's leadership faced multiple challenges, including dealing with internal opposition and regional tensions. V. P. Singh's emphasis on social justice and anti-corruption initiatives, despite his brief term, had a lasting effect on Indian politics and brought attention to the continuous fight for equality and transparency in government.

Born: 25 June 1931, Prayagraj

Died: 27 November 2008, Apollo Hospital, Indraprastha

Party: Janata Dal

Years of Tenure: 2 December 1989 to 10 November 1990 for 343 days

Achievements: Implementing the Mandal Commission report to increase reservations for OBCs, promoting social justice, and addressing corruption in government.

9. Chandra Shekhar

Chandra Shekhar

Also known as Jananayak, Chandra Shekhar, the prime minister of India from 1990 to 1991, was known for his brief but significant leadership. He was a well-known socialist leader who was known for his determination in the face of severe economic difficulties, such as an acute balance of payments crisis. In response to the economic turmoil, Chandra Shekhar's administration took action, starting the process of economic liberalization and obtaining an emergency loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF. His attempts to stabilize the economy and his dedication to socialist ideas distinguished his term, yet his administration was short-lived and produced few significant legislative accomplishments.

Born: 1 July 1927, Ibrahimpatti

Died: 8 July 2007, Apollo Hospital, Indraprastha

Party: Samajwadi Janata Party

Years of Tenure: 10 November 1990 to 21 June 1991 for 223 days

Achievements: Addressing India's severe balance of payments crisis by securing an emergency loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and laying the groundwork for economic liberalization.

10. P. V. Narasimha Rao

P. V. Narasimha Rao

Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao, also known as P. V. Narasimha Rao, managed India's economy from 1991 to 1996 as the mastermind behind the country's modernization. In order to remove the License Raj, lower trade obstacles, and draw in foreign investment, Rao and his Finance Minister Manmohan Singh carried out extensive economic reforms. These reforms revived the Indian economy, paving the way for fast expansion and development. Rao oversaw notable developments in technology and telecommunications in addition to shifts in the economy. However, he faced difficulties during his term, including handling intercommunal conflicts and political scandals.

Born: 28 June 1921, Laknepally

Died: 23 December 2004, New Delhi

Party: Indian National Congress

Years of Tenure: 21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996 for 4 years, 330 days.

Achievements: Implementing sweeping economic reforms, dismantling the License Raj, reducing trade barriers, and attracting foreign investment. He revitalized the Indian economy, promoted advancements in technology and telecommunications, and laid the foundation for rapid growth and development.

11. Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Three times, from 1998 to 2004, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, one of India's most esteemed leaders, held the position of prime minister. The first time was for a short while in 1996. Vajpayee, well-known for his ability to communicate and statesmanship, was prominent in both the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the larger Indian political scene. Several noteworthy accomplishments during his tenure stand out, chief among them being the 1998 Pokhran-II nuclear tests that made India a nuclear power. In addition, Vajpayee oversaw the construction of the Golden Quadrilateral highway project and other infrastructure improvements. In 1999, he made history by taking a bus to Lahore as part of his attempts to strengthen ties with Pakistan.

Born: 25 December 1924, Gwalior

Died: 16 August 2018, AIIMS, New Delhi

Party: Bharatiya Janata Party

Years of Tenure: 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996 for 16 days and 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004 for 6 years, 64 days

Achievements: Overseeing the Pokhran-II nuclear tests, initiating economic reforms and infrastructure development, including the Golden Quadrilateral highway project. He also made significant efforts to improve relations with Pakistan, such as the historic bus journey to Lahore in 1999.

12. H. D. Deve Gowda

H. D. Deve Gowda

The tenure of H. D. Deve Gowda, the 11th Prime Minister of India, from 1996 to 1997, marked a turning point in the country's political history. With a history in grassroots activity, Gowda's dedication to social justice and rural development characterized his term in office. His administration prioritized rural infrastructure development, agrarian reforms, and the empowerment of underprivileged groups. However, he experienced difficulties throughout his brief term, including coalition tensions and political unpredictability. Despite this, Deve Gowda's leadership made regional parties more significant in national politics, and his emphasis on rural development had a long-lasting effect on the goals of the Indian administration.

Born: 8 May 1933, Haradanahalli

Party: Janata Dal

Years of Tenure: 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997 for 324 days

Achievements: Focusing on agrarian reforms, rural infrastructure development, and the empowerment of marginalized communities during his tenure as India's Prime Minister.

13. Inder Kumar Gujral

Inder Kumar Gujral

India's 12 Prime Minister, Inder Kumar Gujral, promoted the "Gujral Doctrine," a foreign policy philosophy that prioritizes goodwill and collaboration with India's neighbours. He held office from 1997 to 1998. The seasoned politician and diplomat Gujral underlined the value of friendly relationships and avoiding participating in the domestic issues of neighbouring nations. The historic Lahore Declaration was signed in 1999 as part of attempts to strengthen relations with Pakistan during his administration. Gujral's emphasis on diplomacy and regional cooperation had an immense impact on India's foreign policy strategy even if his term was brief.

Born: 4 December 1919, Jhelum, Pakistan

Died: 30 November 2012, Medanta

Party: Janata Dal

Years of Tenure: 21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998 for 332 days

Achievements: Advocating for a foreign policy based on friendship and cooperation with India's neighbours, known as the "Gujral Doctrine." His tenure saw efforts to improve relations with Pakistan, culminating in the signing of the historic Lahore Declaration in 1999. Gujral's emphasis on peaceful relations and non-interference in the internal affairs of neighbouring countries left a lasting impact on India's foreign policy approach.

14. Manmohan Singh

Manmohan Singh

From 2004 to 2014, Manmohan Singh, the 13th Prime Minister of India, led a time of notable economic growth and advancement. As the Finance Minister in the early 1990s, Singh—an economist by background—played a significant role in building up India's economy. He is one of the best prime ministers of India who continued to push economic reforms, which boosted foreign investment and produced consistently strong GDP growth rates. Singh's administration also prioritized social welfare initiatives like the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). Manmohan Singh's leadership is largely acknowledged for revolutionizing India's economy and establishing it as an essential player in the world economy while incurring criticism for corruption scandals and policy delays towards the end of his tenure.

Born: 26 September 1932, Gah, Pakistan

Party: Indian National Congress

Years of Tenure: 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014 for 10 years, 4 days

Achievements: Overseeing a period of significant economic growth, continued the economic reforms, leading to high GDP growth rates and increased foreign investment, and implemented MGNREGA and NRHM.

15. Narendra Modi

Narendra Modi

Since taking office in 2014, India's 14th prime minister, Narendra Modi, played a significant role in the country's politics. Modi, well-known for his energetic leadership and vision of a "New India," has emphasized digital projects, infrastructural development, and economic reforms. To encourage manufacturing, tax reform, and cleanliness, his government introduced significant programs including the Goods and Services Tax (GST), Made in India, and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. Modi's foreign policy has also drawn attention, as he has worked to improve India's reputation internationally and strengthen connections with important nations. Modi continues to be a controversial figure, praised for his strong leadership and mocked for his alleged authoritarian preferences, despite criticism over topics like economic hardships and exclusive conflicts.

Additionally, in the 2024 Lok Sabha Election, Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India for the third time joining the race of Jawahar Lal Nehru's legacy. On June 9 2024, Modi took the oath and outlined his vision for the future, emphasizing inclusive growth, development, and unity. Modi's leadership is expected to focus on accelerating economic growth, infrastructure development, and technology-driven governance. His re-election reflects the continued support of the Indian electorate for his leadership and policies.

Born: 17 September 1950, Vadnagar

Party: Bharatiya Janata Party

Years of Tenure: 2014-Present

Achievements: Launching programs such as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Make in India, and the Goods and Services Tax (GST), focused on economic reforms, infrastructure development, and digital initiatives.

Responsibilities of the Prime Ministers to Shape the Nation!

The Prime Minister holds a pivotal role in the governance and administration of a country. The responsibilities of the Prime Minister can vary depending on the specific political system, but generally, they include the following:

Head of Government: One of the most interesting and integral responsibilities is to look after the government operations and implementation of new policies. Under this duty, the PM can set government priorities, ensure the smooth running of the government and create significant policies.

Cabinet Leadership: The Prime Minister appoints members of the Cabinet, typically drawn from the ranks of the legislature. The Prime Minister chairs Cabinet meetings sets the agenda, and coordinates the activities of the various ministries and departments.

Policy Making and Implementation: The Prime Minister plays a central role in developing and implementing government policies. This includes economic policies, foreign policies, social policies, and more.

Representation: The Prime Minister represents the country both domestically and internationally. Internationally, the PM meets with several foreign leaders and attends international conferences to represent India at the global level. Domestically, the Prime Minister often acts as a spokesperson for the government, explaining policies and responding to public concerns.

Crisis Management: In times of crisis, whether it's a natural disaster, economic downturn, or security threat, the Prime Minister coordinates with appropriate agencies, communicating with the public, and making decisions to mitigate the impact of the crisis.

Appointment Powers: The Prime Minister has the authority to appoint and dismiss key government officials, including ministers, ambassadors, and heads of various agencies. These appointments are important for ensuring that the government operates effectively and aligns with the Prime Minister's policies.

Political Leadership: The Prime Minister is often the leader of the ruling party or coalition and is responsible for maintaining party unity and discipline. With the help of this responsibility, the PM involves managing relationships within the party and negotiating with coalition partners.

Advisory Role to the Head of State: In many countries, the Prime Minister is an advisor to the head of state. This includes providing updates on government activities, recommending actions, and sometimes formally advising on constitutional matters.

Public Communication: The Prime Minister communicates with the public through speeches, media appearances, and official statements. Effective communication is essential for maintaining public trust and support for the government's policies and actions.

The specific powers and responsibilities of the Prime Minister can vary based on the country's constitution and political traditions, but these are the general functions associated with the role.

Conclusion

To sum up, India has a rich history of prime ministers, their works, accomplishments, and achievements. From Jawaharlal Nehru to Narendra Modi, every prime minister aimed to enhance the country's development and boost the economy despite numerous challenges and responsibilities. Gaining knowledge of the accomplishments and difficulties these leaders encountered might help one better understand India's progress and changing democratic culture. Whether it's about the country's technological advancements or infrastructure, every prime minister contributed his/her best. The legacy of India's prime ministers will surely encourage future generations to preserve the principles of democracy, unification, and progress as the country continues to advance.

Published on Jun 11, 2024

FAQ's

The first Prime Minister of India was Jawaharlal Nehru, who served from August 15, 1947, until his death on May 27, 1964.

Jawaharlal Nehru holds the record for the longest-serving Prime Minister of India, with a tenure of 17 years from 1947 to 1964. However, on June 9 2024, Narendra Modi joined the race by becoming the prime minister of India for the third time.

As of 2024, India has had a total of 17 Prime Ministers.

Indira Gandhi was the first and, so far, India's only female Prime Minister. She served from 1966 to 1977 and again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the Prime Minister during the Kargil War between India and Pakistan in 1999.

Rajiv Gandhi became the youngest Prime Minister of India at the age of 40, following the assassination of his mother, Indira Gandhi, in 1984.

As of 2024, the current Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi, who has been in office since May 26, 2014.

Chaudhary Charan Singh never faced the parliament because he resigned after 23 days in office due to Indira Gandhi's Congress Party withdrawing support for his government.